Knowing How to Root Android Device is learning the process of allowing users of the Android operating system to attain privileged control (known as root access) over various Android subsystems. Root access can sometimes be compared to (or it is ) jailbreaking devices caged by manufacturers.
Rooting is often performed to overcoming limitations that carriers and hardware manufacturers put on devices. Thus, rooting gives the permission to replace system applications and settings, run the specialized applications that will require administrator-level permissions, or perform other operations that are otherwise inaccessible to a normal Android user. On some devices, rooting can also perform the complete removal and replacement of the device’s operating system, usually with a more recent release of its current operating system.
Should You Root Android Device?
There are advantages and disadvantages of rooting your Android device which you must know to carry out the Rooting process.
Rooting comes with a lot of powers that you might not be able to handle.
Rooting comes with a lot of disadvantages and advantages, You are the only one to judge if you want to continue rooting your device or not studying the Advantages and Disadvantages.
How to Root Android Device (Advantages)
5 Keys Advantages of Rooting Andriod Device
- Support for different themes, allowing users to change from the color of the battery icon to the boot animation that appears while the device is booting, and more.
- Allows overclocking and underclocking of the CPU and GPU.
- Full application control, including the ability to fully backup, restore, or remove bloatware that comes pre-installed on some phones.
- Custom automated system-level processes through the use of a third-party application.
- Ability to install the software that allows additional levels of control on a rooted device or management of root access.
Root Android Device Disadvantages
- Rooting could go wrong and turn your phone into a useless brick.
- You would void your device warranty.
- Your device will be vulnerable to hackers and malware(i.e viruses).
- You will no longer get updates on your device.
- You might lose access to high-security apps.
- Some rooting apps are really malicious.
- Some devices cannot be rooted.
Methods To Root Android Device
Some rooting methods involve the use of a cmd (command prompt) and Android Debug Bridge (also known as ADB).
Some other methods may use existing vulnerabilities in devices, thanks to similarly modeled devices often have a mess of changes, rooting methods for one device when used for a special variant can result in bricking the device.
“Systemless root” is a variant of rooting in which the underlying device filesystem is not modified. Systemless root uses various techniques to gain root access without modifying the system partition of a device. Some root applications may include a “hiding” function, which makes attempts to mask the consequences and results of rooting, often by whitelisting certain applications for the basis or blocking access to affected files.
Systemless rooting has the advantage of not triggering the software-based version of SafetyNet, an Android feature that works by monitoring changes to system files and is used by applications such as Google Pay to detect whether a device has been tampered with as by rooting. However, hardware-backed SafetyNet versions could also be triggered by systemless rooting, also as in unrooted devices shipped without Google Mobile Services (GMS).
The distinction between “soft rooting” through a security vulnerability and “hard-rooting” by flashing a su binary executable varies from exploit to take advantage of, and manufacturer to manufacturer. Soft-rooting requires that a tool be susceptible to privilege escalation, or replacing executable binaries. Hard-rooting is supported by the manufacturer, and it generally only exposed for devices the manufacturer allows. If a phone is often soft-rooted, it’s also inherently susceptible to malware.
Requirements to Root Android Device
- Downloading your Device Firmware from the Manufacturer’s site.
- Downloading and installing Magisk APK on your Device from their official site
- Unlocking your bootloader.
- Installing Custom Recovery on your device.
What is Custom Recovery
In Android, Custom recovery refers to a recovery customized and installed as a bootable partition that has the recovery console installed. A combination of keys will boot your phone to recovery, where the user can find tools to help recover your installation as well as install updates.
After the manufacturers assemble the hardware, they need to ‘flash’ or ‘install’ their stock Android OS and provide some repair/help options for users in case something goes wrong. So all manufacturers build their own stock recovery and put the options which they think their users should use. In this recovery.
What a custom recovery does is, it provides all sorts of options for you to use. These recoveries are not made by smartphone manufacturers. There are so many custom recoveries available for almost all smartphones but the one that is widely used are the CWM recovery (ClockworkMod) and TWRP recovery (Team Win Recovery Project).
List Of Custom Recovery
- Team Win Recovery Project (TWRP).
- Clock Work Mod (CWM).
- OrangeFox Recovery (OFR).
- Pitch Black Recovery(PBR).
- Red Wolf Recovery (RWR).
- SKY HAWK Recovery Project (SHRP).
What is a Bootloader
A bootloader is a program that loads an operating system when a device is turned on.
The bootloader is the first thing that starts up when a phone is turned on. At its most basic level, a bootloader is a low-level software on your phone that keeps you from breaking it. It is used to check and verify the software running on your phone before it loads.
How Can I Access My Bootloader?
There are two easy ways to enter bootloader mode…
- Via CMD (Command Prompt).
- Via Your Device.
Via CMD Mode
- Connect your device via USB cable to your computer.
- Navigate to your start bar and search for cmd.
- Run the program as administrator.
- Type in the following command…
- adb devices
- Your device will be listed here which will be represented by numbers.
- adb reboot bootloader.
- Your device will reboot into fastbootmode which is part of the bootloader.
Via Device Mode
- Hold the power button to turn off your device.
- Hold volume up button then power button for like 8 seconds.
- You are now in bootloader mode if the no command icon appears.
- Hold the power button then tap the volume up button immediately.
Unlocking Your Bootloader
Before you can install a custom recovery, you will need to have an unlocked bootloader/unlock your bootloader.
Unlocking the bootloader sometimes takes time and effort.
Some devices aren’t allowed to unlock their bootloader depending on the manufacturer of your phone, the model you have, and even your carrier.
Other phones and some carriers don’t allow you to unlock your bootloader the official way if you want to root and flash ROMs. If you have one of those phones, this article will not help you sadly.
Disadvantages of Unlocking your Bootloader
- You will lose all your files and data.
- May Brick Your Phone ( If you are not aware of the unlocking process ).
- Hard to Relock Bootloader.
- You can’t use Banking apps and UPI Payment apps ( but you can use with help of magisk hide ).
Advantages of Unlocking Your Bootloader
- You will be able to install any custom ROM on your device.
- You will be able to root your device.
- You will be able to use some apps which require an unlocked bootloader.
How to Unlock Your Bootloader
- Back up your files.
- Install ADB(Android Debug Bridge) on your computer, with your phone’s driver.
- Enable USB-Debugging/OEM unlocking on your device.
- Connect your device to your computer using a usb cable.
- Open CMD and type in the following command…
- adb devices (your device should appear here).
- adb reboot bootloader (your device will restart into bootloader mode).
- fastboot devices (this is to check if your device is still connected in fastboot mode).
- fastboot OEM unlock (this will unlock your bootloader)
- fastboot flashing unlock
Congratulations Your Bootloader has been unlocked successfully. You won’t notice much of a difference yet, but with an unlocked bootloader, you’ll be able to flash a custom recovery, opening the door to root access and custom ROMs.
How to Flash/Install Custom Recovery On Your Device
- Download and Extract Android SDK Tools
- Download TWRP image that is created for your device.
- Enable USB Debugging and OEM Unlocking.
- Connect Your Device to your computer.
- Flash recovery image via cmd using the following command…..
- adb devices
- adb reboot bootloader
- fastboot flash recovery twrp-3.1.X-XXX.img (You’ll have to make sure to replace the version of TWRP in this line of code for the one that corresponds to the one that you need to load onto your device)
- fastboot reboot.
Booting Into TWRP
This is another thing that is different from device to device, there is a key combination that needs to be used by users to put their devices into recovery mode. Some devices require you to press the power and volume up button simultaneously when they are off to boot into the TWRP recovery mode.
How To Root Android Device Using Magisk
Rooting your Android device is easier now that you have a custom recovery. There are a lot of tools available to make the process as simple as possible, no matter what device you want to root. Magisk is one of the best tools, and it really is easy to use.
Advantages of Using Magisk
- Magisk uses a “systemless” root that doesn’t modify any of the system files. instead, it modifies the boot partition and leaves the system untouched.
- Magisk comes with Magisk Hide which allows you to hide root status from certain apps. This allows you to use Internet banking apps, or Google Pay, on your rooted phone.
- Back on your system, download the latest magisk release on your system.
- Restart your device into recovery mode (TWRP).
- Return to the command line window (CMD on your pc), and push the Magisk .zip over to the Android device. Again, use the actual version of the package.
- adb push magisk-vXX.X.zip
- On your Android device tap the option to install from a .zip file. Locate the Magisk file that you just pushed over to your device and select it.
- Flash the .zip using TWRP.
- When it’s done, reboot your device. This time let it boot into Android.
- Congratulations your device is now rooted using Twrp
You can check if your device is rooted by going to Andriod Playstore and downloading a rootchechecker app.
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